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Ghana Faces Unprecedented Heatwave:A Detailed Look at the Record-Breaking Temperatures

Ghana Heatwave

Ghana has been experiencing a scorching heatwave for the past two weeks, with temperatures reaching unprecedented levels. This has brought the nation discomfort and posing serious health risks to its residents. Even relatively cooler regions are not spared. On 14th February, many cities recorded record-breaking temperatures. Bolgatanga led at a staggering 44°C, followed closely by Kumasi at 43°C.

Reflection on Climate Crisis

While the immediate focus may be on coping with the intense heat, it’s crucial to recognize the broader implications of this phenomenon. The soaring temperatures are a manifestation of the ongoing climate crisis, fuelled by human activities such as deforestation, industrialization, and the burning of fossil fuels. Climate change is no longer a distant threat but a present reality that demands urgent attention and action.

Hottest Major Cities (February 14th, 2024)

On February 14, 2024, the following Ghanaian cities recorded

  • Bolgatanga: 44°C
  • Kumasi: 43°C
  • Tamale: 42°C
  • Ho: 40°C
  • Koforidua: 39°C
  • Sunyani: 39°C
  • Cape Coast: 35°C
  • Takoradi: 33°C
  • Accra: 32°C

How to Stay Safe and Healthy During Ghana’s Heatwave:


  • Drink plenty of water: Aim for at least 2 litres daily, even if you don’t feel thirsty. Urine colour is a good indicator: aim for pale yellow.
  • Avoid sugary drinks: They dehydrate you further and provide empty calories.
  • Avoid Alcohol and Caffeine: Beverages like alcohol and caffeinated drinks can also contribute to dehydration, so it’s best to limit their consumption during this heatwave.
  • Carry a reusable water bottle: Ensure convenient access to water throughout the day.
  • Eat hydrating fruits and vegetables: Watermelon, cucumber, and leafy greens offer water and electrolytes.

Sun Protection:

  • Apply sunscreen regularly: Use SPF 30 or higher, broad-spectrum sunscreen, and reapply every 2 hours, especially after sweating or swimming.
  • Wear protective clothing: Choose loose-fitting, breathable clothing like cotton or linen that covers your arms and legs.
  • Wear a hat: Wide-brimmed hats shade your face, neck, and ears.
  • Sunglasses: Protect your eyes from UV rays with sunglasses that block UVA and UVB rays.

Stay Cool:

  • Stay in the shade: Seek shade, especially during peak sun hours (10 AM – 4 PM).
  • Take cool showers or baths: This helps lower your body temperature.
  • Use fans or air conditioning: If available, use them to create a cooler environment.
  • Limit strenuous activity: Avoid exercising or working outdoors during the hottest part of the day.
  • Cool down surfaces: Avoid sitting on hot surfaces and use damp cloths to cool down exposed skin.

Additional Tips:

  • Check on vulnerable individuals: Regularly check on the elderly, young children, and those with health conditions who are more susceptible to heatstroke.
  • Dress in light colours: Light colours reflect heat better than dark colours.
  • Listen to your body: If you experience dizziness, headache, nausea, or excessive sweating, seek shade, cool down, and drink water. Rest and consult a doctor if symptoms worsen.

Remember: It’s essential to stay informed about weather warnings and updates. Be prepared to adjust your plans and activities based on the latest information. By taking these precautions, you can stay safe and healthy during this heatwave.

Collective Action for a Cooler Future:

In light of the heatwave, it’s imperative for individuals, communities, and governments to take proactive measures to address the climate crisis. Individual and collective actions can reduce our carbon footprint and adapt to climate change, we can build a more resilient future for ourselves and generations to come. This includes:

  • Supporting sustainable practices: Opt for renewable energy sources, reduce waste, and adopt eco-friendly habits.
  • Advocating for climate action: Encourage policymakers to implement effective climate mitigation and adaptation strategies.
  • Spreading awareness: Educate others about the realities of climate change and inspire action.

Let’s not just endure this heatwave, but use it as a catalyst for positive change. By working together, we can build a cooler and more sustainable future for Ghana and beyond.


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